Pain is frequently an indication of an underlying health condition, and the lower right abdomen is one place of the body that may be quite painful. So when should you be concerned about stomach pain?
What is in the lower right abdomen?
Before proceeding, it is necessary to review the anatomy of the body. What organs are situated in the abdomen, and what illnesses are common in these areas?
The abdomen is divided into four quadrants: upper right, lower right, upper left, and lower left. In addition to these, the epigastric, umbilical, and hypogastric zones are located in the middle abdomen.
There are distinct organs or sections of the gastrointestinal system in each region. For example, the liver, gallbladder, right kidney, and pancreas are all positioned in the right upper region of the belly. The stomach, left kidney, and spleen are located in the left upper quadrant. The small intestine, colon, ureter, and main veins or arteries to the veins are all found in the lower left quadrant. Finally, the appendix, ascending colon, and portion of the female reproductive organs are located in the lower right abdominal region.
Right lower abdominal pain
Lower right abdomen discomfort can be caused by a variety of diseases. Nevertheless, appendicitis is one of the most prevalent reasons. Additional factors include:
- Colon inflammation, or colitis (large bowel)
- Diverticulitis is an inflammation of a colon outpouching.
- IBD stands for inflammatory bowel disease.
- IBS (irritable bowel syndrome)
- Female reproductive organ diseases include:
- Ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterus.
- Uterine fibroids (tumours of the uterine wall muscle)
- Ovarian tumour or lump, twisting or not
- PID stands for pelvic inflammatory disorder.
They are distinguished by a comprehensive history, physical examination for particular indications, and diagnostic radiography, ultrasonography, and/or CT scanning of the abdomen. Fever, pain migration from around the navel to the lower right side, and the existence of stiffness and rebound tenderness of the abdominal wall should alert the doctor to the potential of appendicitis.
Imaging investigations, as mentioned above, must validate this. If the CT scan results are normal, the illness is likely to be confined in the female reproductive organs, colon, or urinary tract, necessitating additional exams and testing.
If the pain in the lower right quadrant is severe and accompanied by the following symptoms, it should be regarded seriously:
- Fever, chest ache, or feeling extremely dizzy
- Acute vomiting soon after eating
- Breathing difficulties
- Pulse rate irregularity
- Stools that are dark or blackish in colour
- Blood in the vomit
- Slight soreness that persists after two days
- Pain that is becoming worse or that is accompanied by unexplained weight loss
- Pain with bloating that lasts more than two days, or diarrhoea that lasts more than five days
- Pain accompanied with fever or urinary issues
Appendicitis is one of the most prevalent causes of right lower quadrant stomach discomfort and should be avoided.
What is appendicitis?
Appendicitis, or inflammation of the appendix, is a disorder that causes lower right abdomen discomfort. Appendicitis is a medical issue that can be fatal if not treated quickly. An inflamed appendix can burst or rupture, causing perforation and infective material to stream into the abdominal cavity.
Causes of appendicitis
- The appendix can become inflamed for a variety of reasons, and more than one cause may exist in any particular occurrence. Some frequent causes of appendix inflammation include:
- Blockage of the opening in the appendix
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Hypertrophied (overgrown) tissue in the wall of the appendix (usually caused by an infection of the digestive tract)
- Trauma to the abdominal area
- the presence of hard stools, growths or parasites that can block the lumen of the appendix
In many situations, the aetiology of appendicitis is unknown. It is true, however, that one of the most prevalent reasons is appendicitis blockage.
If treatment is started immediately, appendicitis may be minor. If pus develops up in the appendix as a result of inflammation, it may rupture, releasing infectious substances into the abdominal region or cavity.
This generally occurs 36 hours after the appendix infection begins. It may cause peritonitis (inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity), a potentially fatal condition that need immediate medical attention.
When should you be concerned about right lower abdominal pain?
Appendicitis is considered a medical emergency. A dull ache in the umbilical region or navel that turns acute, lack of appetite, constipation or diarrhoea with gas, difficulty to pass gas, nausea or vomiting, and fever are frequent symptoms Abdomen.
Additional symptoms, such as uncomfortable urination and the belief that having a bowel movement will ease discomfort and suffering, may arise. Appendicitis can be confused with other illnesses such as gastritis Abdomen.
Nevertheless, appendicitis may be suspected if the pain begins at the navel and progresses to the right lower quadrant, worsens with movement, walking, or sneezing, worsens over a few hours, arises suddenly and may even wake you up from sleep, or if the pain is the first symptom to appear Abdomen.
If you have any of these symptoms, you should seek medical assistance right once Abdomen.
How is appendicitis treated?
Appendicitis can only be treated surgically by removing the inflamed appendix. Pain relievers can assist, but only for a short time. The discomfort will last as long as the appendix is inflamed. Worse, the appendix can burst and contaminate the entire abdominal cavity Abdomen.
Appendectomy is the surgical removal of the appendix. Laparoscopic surgery and laparotomy are also options for performing the treatment. Surgeons utilise tiny incisions and specialised tools to remove the appendix during laparoscopic surgery. It has fewer problems and a shorter hospital stay than standard surgery since it is less intrusive Abdomen.
Laparotomy, on the other hand, entails removing the appendix by a single incision over the abdominal wall in the right lower right quadrant. This is more intrusive and may require the patient to recuperate for a longer period of time Abdomen.
Antibiotics are often administered intravenously to decrease the risk of peritonitis. The average duration of stay is three to five days. The removal of the appendix has not been found to have any immediate or long-term effect on the digestive system Abdomen.